Delivering true integration of renewable energy

Solving the problem of variability in wind and solar

As demand for wind and solar power grows exponentially in the coming years, so too will the demand for energy storage.

The energy output from non-controllable renewables is generally poorly fitted to the electricity load curve of modern society and consequently, the variability of wind power and solar PV will set an upper limit to the penetration of renewable energy sources into the electrical system.

The problem cannot be solved by higher renewable penetration or load management, and any true integration of renewable energy will depend on the availability of flexible and cost-efficient energy storage.

Stiesdal Storage is motivated by the need for large-scale integration of renewables in the context of the global green transition. The Company has focused its efforts on developing the GridScale energy storage system as a high impact solution for the mid-term storage range.

The wide array of available electrical energy storage types and systems serve different needs in the energy infrastructure, meeting demands from very short duration cycles of charging and discharging to seasonal storage:

For grid-support. Discharge duration up to 4 hours.

For integration of renewables. Discharge duration from 4 hours to 10 days.

For season-to-season storage. Discharge duration months or years.

Amplifying renewable energy

At present-day solar PV capacity factor levels of ~25%, a GridScale energy storage system will increase the transmitted capacity factor towards 100% through 12-18 hours day-to-day smoothing.

For wind power, GridScale will provide a very significant increase in actual coverage from wind in relation to wind power penetration.

Wind power penetration is the fraction of energy produced by wind compared with the total energy generation.

Without efficient energy storage, increasing wind power penetration in the energy infrastructure will not translate to a similar increase in actual wind power coverage as illustrated below.

In the following scenarios wind penetration is set to 150% which is desirable in a green transition perspective. Introducing energy storage capacity ensures higher integration of wind power, effectively changing the picture.

1/5: Introducing storage with 4 hours duration increases actual wind power coverage from 65% to 70%. 4 hours of continuous output is the typical limit for lithium-ion battery systems, providing ancillary services and curtailment reduction to the the energy system.
2/5: Introducing storage with 1 day duration increases actual wind power coverage from 65% to 85%. 1 day duration is the lower end of GridScale's duration range.
3/5: Introducing storage with 10 day duration increases actual wind power coverage from 65% to 95%. 10 day storage duration is the higher end of GridScale's duration range.
4/5: To close the gap from 95% actual wind power coverage to 100% integration of renewable energy, some form of available seasonal storage is required.
5/5: GridScale's duration range is significantly bridging the gap to full integration of wind and solar PV in the energy infrastructure, in effect covering the "missing link" in the green transition.

With its combination of a low-cost storage medium and a modular, build-anywhere system based on industrialized manufacturing, the GridScale Battery is uniguely designed to meet the demands of renewable energy integration and energy security.